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Formulas for Writing: Use the Right Tool for Your Writing Project

There are dozens of formulas for writing. Which ones should you use? Do they all work for each project? 

When I first started writing, I found that the sheer number of writing formulas overwhelmed me. Rather than helping me to save time and be more efficient, I was confused.

The key, I discovered, was to use the right formula for your particular writing project.

Formulas for Writing Have Two Different Functions

2 kinds of writing formulas with Word Wise at Nonprofit Copywriter

Writing formulas are grouped into two broad categories: outline formulas and guideline formulas.

Both categories have specific purposes. You use the two kinds of formulas for different reasons.

1. Outline Formulas

It is this form you may most commonly think of when you hear the word “formula,” thanks to your high school chemistry and algebra teachers. An outline formula offers a series of steps or bullet points to follow as you write. The 4 Ps, for instance, provides a sequential framework for a sales letter or even an article: Picture, Promise, Proof, Push. 

When should you use outline formulas?

When you need a structure to follow for a writing project

2. Guideline Formulas

These formulas do not offer a step-by-step structure, but rather provide a key foundational principle to keep in view as you write. For instance, the SELWAB formula (Start Every Letter With A Benefit) acts as a filter when you write leads, reminding you to offer a benefit to the reader at the beginning of the letter. 

When should you use guideline formulas?

As a guide when you write and as a self-check as you edit and proofread

Making Sense of Formula Names

While we’ve cleared up function, it’s easy to confuse different kinds of formula names. This explanation may help.

Acronym Names

An acronym is an abbreviation. It is made up of the first letter of each word in a name and making a new name out of it, such as NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), DIY (Do It Yourself), or AKA (Also Known As). A good example of a copywriting outline formula acronym is AIDA: Attention – Interest – Desire – Action. A guideline formula acronym is SMIT (the Single Most Important Thing.)

Mnemonic Names

A mnemonic (neh-MAH-nik) is a memory device – a word, phrase, or sentence that helps you remember a message or group of objects. The most readily-known mnemonic is the A-B-C song.  A good example of a mnemonic writing formula is the 4 U’s. It’s a checklist that reminds you to make sure your headline content is Useful, Urgent, Unique, and Ultra-Specific.

Descriptive Formula Names

Some formulas are labeled with descriptive terms (like Star-Chain-Hook) or even using proper names (Bob Stone’s Copywriting Formula.)

More about Copywriting Formulas

Understanding Writing Formulas: How they work and why they work ...

SMIT: a writing formula to help you find the main idea of your piece ...

3 Appeal Letter Copywriting Formulas...

Use the AIDA Formula to write great content ...

Bob Stone's 7-Step Copywriting Formula ...

The 4 Ps: a writing formula and a persuasive writing tool ...

The SELWAB Formula: great for writing leads and headlines ...

5 Proven Headline Formulas ...

See more on our Writing Formulas Pinterest board...

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